Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The Hidden Treasure of Topics Related to Social Issues The objective is to enhance the issue or maybe to provide strategies to work around it. It's harmful and negates even the excellent work. There are a number of methods people use to combat social difficulties. As a consequence, social issues can be raised by the unequal distribution of funding between public schools, like that seen in the usa. Who Else Wants to Learn About Topics Related to Social Issues? You also receive a great opportunity to dig more into research! Be keen while selecting a research topic because it will influence your degree of succeeding. There isn't any doubt your future employers will want to learn what your key research project focused on. Research topics on social work you should think about An exemplary social work research project demands the student to experience previous studies about the topic. The Nuiances of Topics Related to Social Issues Social issues within this lesson is going to be defined as a health issue that every patient is going to have to evaluate based on their values, beliefs, and exceptional situation. Kids, kids and youths of the nation are future of the country so they're the primary target to boost awareness about any social troubles. 3 After presenting either side of the matter and ensuring students understand the controversy, give little groups of students a chance to talk about the arguments each side presents. These group behaviors are occasionally beneficial and positive, but they could also be detrimental and negative. The Foolproof Topics Related to Social Issues Strategy Though you might feel queasy at the concept of teaching some topics, utilize these strategies to allow it to be ateaching triumph instead of a classroom catastrophe. Social justice issues can happen in connection with practically any element of society where inequality can arise as a consequence of unjust prejudices or policies. Education research paper topics pro vide education majors an option of samples about how to compose projects which range from Adult Learning Theories to Early Education Literacy. Themes to illustrate facets of different arts might also be chosen. Details of Topics Related to Social Issues You cannot comprehensively take care of an industry research topic which is too wide. The social issues research papers may appear easy to write in comparison with different topics, but still it demands an extremely creative strategy, a substantial quantity of curiosity and capacity to think beyond the box and search data in unconventional sources. They have always been an integral part of the human condition. Issues regarding media might also be a domain. Life, Death, and Topics Related to Social Issues Globalization is a popular topic that frequently brings people of opposing views into heated arguments and perhaps even physical confrontations. Debate topics don't always need to be serious they are able to decidedly be hum orous too! Debate topics generally speaking are supposed to hold to attention of listeners, and we have some which are guaranteed to hold anybody's interest! The End of Topics Related to Social Issues An important point to take into consideration when you're going into a debate is the simple fact that the person on the opposing side of the table, or your audience, is going to get something to say against your position. There's no need to settle on a topic that is likely to make your academic life so complicated. The excellent thing with an intriguing research topic is it will grow your interest throughout the research procedure. You're building an image of a social issue, and you will need to bring up every potential side of the story. Return to the discussion questions you provided at the start of the unit and enable students to express any changes in their opinions or share things they have learned. The fact of the matter is that choosing research topics in social work is not quite as straightforward because you might think. Last, consider combining all those 3 things into one topic that you are feeling passionate about. The sort of topic you decide on will establish the degree of success you will receive. The Benefits of Topics Related to Social Issues The gender-based wage gap, together with the glass ceiling and occupational segregation are only a few of the facets which could produce the workplace a frustrating instead of liberating place for a number of women. The security has to explore the info technology risk assessment. There is a particular fragility of revenue and social position in France. Without a value on carbon, there is not as much incentive to create positive adjustments, particularly in the private sector. Why Almost Everything You've Learned About Topics Related to Social Issues Is Wrong Writing an intriguing essay about trendy topics is an opportunity to reveal your knowledge of earth. Remember that they need to become research questions in order to find information and write a good paper. The topic you select must also continue being relevant by the moment you finish the undertaking. 1 thing you ought to realize is that choosing the perfect research topic is the most crucial step in writing your dissertation, thesis, or research report.
Friday, May 15, 2020
When an individual has good conceptual skills they are thinking, processing information, and develops good planning abilities. When a person develops great human skills that manager shows signs of encouraging employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s participation, motivates, facilitates, coordinates, leads, communicates, and resolves conflicts. Promotes respect from employees instead of fear. When a manager has technical skills they comprehend various methods, techniques, analytical ability, knowledge, and show superb signs of how to demonstrate the technical skills they have acquired. Ethical Dilemma: The best course of action would to choose number three: Ã¢â¬Å"Meet with Jacobs and the employee to try to resolve the current issue, then start working with Sally Barton and other senior managers to develop stronger policies regarding sexual harassment and treatment of employees, including clear-cut procedures for handling complaints.Ã¢â¬ The four management functions could have solved prevented the lack of communication and misunderstanding. Planning would cause the employees to define the goals and resources so the business can be organized in the future. There were no defined goals everything was speculation about Roger Jacobs. Organizing by assigning tasks, and delegating jobs would minimize damage in most work case scenarios. Leading and controlling would influence employees to take the right course of action when dealing with various work situations. Harry Rull was did not have all of the information,Show MoreRelatedAn Ethical Dilemma Exists When An Individual Is Deciding13 07 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAn ethical dilemma exists when an individual is deciding between two right choices. No dilemma exists if one choice is wrong. What framework guides these decisions? Is the moral value common to all those involved in the decision making process? The commonly accepted virtues of Plato, Socrates, St. Augustine and many other philosophers are honesty, responsibility, respect, fairness and compassion. The expression of these virtues in beliefs guides oneÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. In the counseling professionRead MoreMy Ethical Dilemma Of A Loan Officer Should Offer A Family / Individual A Mortgage For A Home1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTo begin, my ethical dilemma deals with the notion of whether a loan officer should offer a family/individual a mortgage for a home or not even though they are on the borderline criteria and possibility of default based on known circumstances such as low income or even a credit score that is a few points lower than the required score to obtain a loan. This whole idea correlates to the mortgage crisis of 2007 when the growth of housing prices stalled and demand slowed. As a result, lenders acceptedRead MoreWorkplace Ethical Dilemma Essay1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages+ Workplace Ethical Dilemma Tanya W. Cooper BSHS/332 Professional, Ethical and Legal Issues in Human Services April 16, 2012 Kathleen Roberts Everyday individuals are faced with issues associated with ethical dilemmas. Ethical dilemmas involve an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior toward a moral standard, which may have been established from previous generations and passed along. In upholding the standards taught individual may be forced to take a particular action involving a decision when a behaviorRead MoreEthical Dilemma1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEthical Dilemma (AuthorÃ¢â¬â¢s name) (Institutional Affiliation) Abstract This research paper seeks to resolve a particular case of an ethical dilemma. This has been necessitated by the fact that ethical dilemmas are a recurrent part of life. Moreover, ethical dilemmas have become a key point of argument in the field of ethics and interestingly, philosophy as well (Garsten Hernes, 2009). As an inividual, I find myself facing moral dilemma situation quite frequently which makes the explorationRead More1.1.Objective Evaluation Of All Available Options. According1626 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbears testimony to the fact that time and again large-scale disasters happened due to the lack of ethical standards of some leaders or the other. We come to know from his research that there are two approaches to handle Ã¢â¬Ëethical dilemmaÃ¢â¬â¢: 1) before deciding on the course of action, assess the practical consequences likely to follow and 2) whatever be the likely consequences, do what you consider ethical. The first school of thought argues that if there is no harm, there is no foul. The second claimsRead MoreThe Case of the Wayward Water: Drinking Water Getting Tainted with Fracking Fluid1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ The Case of the Wayward Water - Page 1 of 44 Welcome to an EthicsGame Hot Topics Dilemma! Few issues have recently gotten as much attention as the energy extraction activities involving a controversial procedure called fracking. As reports of drinking water becoming tainted with fracking fluid flood the news, both oil and gas companies as well as environmental groups are presenting competing facts about the effects of drilling on ground water. Economists are often asked to prepareRead MoreEthical Dilemma And Ethical Dilemmas Essay1593 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Dilemmas are something individuals deal with daily, in our society. What is the difference between an ethical dilemma, and an ethical issue? Essentially an ethical dilemma, is a situation individuals faces, where the course of action, or decision, which is to come, is challenging to make, due to the potential consequences involved with making that decision (Pollock, 2015). An ethical issue, revolves around difficult social questions, which regard what is the right or wrong thing to do (PollockRead MoreDecision-Making within the Healthcare Industry: The Importance of Individual Ethics949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIndividual ethics are important in decision-making within the health care industry. One of the main reasons for that is because often ethical dilemmas occur at lower decision-making levels, and this means that the decision is being made by one person, facing a difficult situation that must be resolved quickly. Another reason that individual ethics are important in health care is that often a manager is unaware that there is an ethical dilemma. Thus, by failing to recognize the ethical dilemma, theRead MoreEffective Leadership Skills During An Ethical Dilemma1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEffective Leadership Skills during an Ethical Dilemma The purpose of this paper is to introduce ethical frameworks that can help solve an ethical dilemma. I will give an example of ethical issues encountered in a jail setting and an ethical dilemma that I experienced as a result of these ethical issues. I will analyze the moral, ethical, and legal implications that I used in this ethical dilemma. Furthermore, I will explain my leadership role as a patient advocate during this particular moral issueRead MoreEthical Values in Social Work Essay example1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesvalues and ethical dilemmas What are values, ethics, ethical dilemmas and a code of ethics? Values relate to principles and attitudes that provide direction to everyday living. Values also refer to beliefs or standards considered desirable by a culture, group or individual (AASW). Similar to values, but slightly different, ethics means a system of beliefs held about what constitutes moral judgement and right conduct, they are moral principles (rules, guides) (AASW). So an ethical dilemma is then
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Malcolm D. Ervin Professor Kristen Raymond English 1101 28 September 2011 Pebble: The Symbol of Emotion In The Things They Carried, OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien talks about many of the objects that he and his comrades carried while they were in Vietnam. They carried things like food, water, weapons and ammunition. They also carried comfort items like tranquilizers and Mamp;MÃ¢â¬â¢s. Although the weight of these things placed a physical burden on the soldiers, it was the emotional weight that each of the soldiers carried that took the heaviest toll on them. The pebble, carried by Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, symbolizes multiple things that evolve throughout the text. It will prove to be a source of comfort, anguish, and relief to him. Lt. Cross was madly in loveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"Marthas explanation of how she carries the pebble with her and finally sends it to Lieutenant Cross as a token of her truest feelings works to figure the pebble as a metonym for her. Cross actualizes this figural relationship when he carries the pebble in his mouth and imagines that it is her tongue.Ã¢â¬ (Chen pg. 85) Cross imagines MarthaÃ¢â¬â¢s feet walking along the shore. He gets that image frequently. He often thinks about who sheÃ¢â¬â¢s with at the beach. The pebble is his only connection with Martha and their separated relationship. The pebble was very important to Lt. Cross. It symbolized the complexity of the relationship he and Martha had. Ã¢â¬Å"It was this separate-but-together quality, she wrote, that had inspired her to pick up the pebble and to carry it in her breast pocket for several days, where it seemed weightless, and then to send it through the mail, by air, as a token of her truest feelings for himÃ¢â¬ (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien pg. 9).Martha Although Cross didnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize her meaning, the pebble, found separate but together, was a token of love. Although this Ã¢â¬Å"loveÃ¢â¬ wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the same mutual love that Jimmy had for Martha, the relationship between them was like the pebble, separate but together. Ã¢â¬Å"On the march, through the hot days of early April, he carried the pebble in his mouth, turning it with his tongue, tasting sea salt and moistureÃ¢â¬ (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien pg. 9). The pebble allowed Cross to imagine himself, together with Martha, often impairing his judgment during the day . That gaveShow MoreRelatedThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien896 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesanything they found. First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross only holds onto one thing for hope and that is Martha, the woman who he hopes is a virgin to come back to. Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢ Brien introduces symbolism by adding a character that has a meaning of purity and a pebble, which symbolizes a meaning of separate but together. In the story, Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They CarriedÃ¢â¬ , Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢ Brien clearly organizes every detail and puts it into perspective, like how he mentions the soldiers carrying things that comfort them. One personRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien999 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesin a descriptive way. Figurative and literal language is used to describe the things that the soldiers carried with them; physically and emotionally. Some of the things that the soldiers carried with them were symbols of luck. Personification was used when mentioning these good lucks symbols and it w as also used to describe the dead. Alliteration was used in the short story to emphasize the sound of how fast life could end while being at war. OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien used imagery to illustrate the war in a sense toRead MoreSymbolism in The Things They Carried Essay1104 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA. Park The Things They Carried The symbols in Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢BrienÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They CarriedÃ¢â¬ are essential to understanding the soldiers and their lives during the Vietnam War. At the opening of the story, Lieutenant Jimmy Cross would dig into his foxhole and read the letters while imagining romance with Martha; however, at the end of the story after the death of Ted Lavender, he Ã¢â¬Å"crouched at the bottom of his foxhole and burned MarthaÃ¢â¬â¢s lettersÃ¢â¬ (402). The inner feelings of Cross would be mistakenlyRead MoreHistorical Pessimism And Imagery In Matthew Arnolds Dover Beach901 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimmerses his readers in the environment. However, in contrast to the calm, peaceful feeling that Arnold gives in the first part of the poem, the auditory imagery changes the feel of the environment. Arnold writes - Ã¢â¬Å"Listen! you hear the grating roar of pebbles which the waves draw back, and fling, at their return, up the high strand, Begin, and cease, and then again begin, with t remulous cadence slow, and bring the eternal note of sadness in.Ã¢â¬ He emphasizes that he wants the readers to hear what he hearsRead MoreSilent Spring Essay1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto persuade her audience to take action against the mistreatment and abuse of the environment. Through war like diction, Carson exaggerates the farmers violence towards blackbirds, misguidance in the use of dangerous pesticides, and lack of emotion for bloodshed. Aiming to weaken the pesticide users reputation, Carson introduces her main argument by referring to the habit of killing as, the resort to eradicating any creature that may annoy or inconvenience(paragraph1). The word eradicationRead MoreThey Things They Carried. Explication1280 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesin New Jersey. Lieutenant Cross would think about Martha in his tough times and go into ease with his vivid imaginations of Martha. In his mindset Jimmy Cross loved Martha. Jimmy Cross would also carry a couple of letters from Martha as a spiritual symbol of love. Although Ã¢â¬Å"Jimmy Cross humped his love for Martha,Ã¢â¬ paragraph 3, they were not lovers. Jimmy Cross would think frequently about Martha as it would take Jimmy into a fantasy world. These thoughts would ease his mind and graduallyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Oresteia Trilogy762 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the Oresteia Trilogy, the jury deliberates over the conviction of Orestes, as they deliberate the jurors use a method that uses a black pebble that represents the Ã¢â¬Å"guiltÃ¢â¬ (Aeschylus 21) of Orestes and a white pebble that represents the innocence of Orestes. In literature it is historically noted that the color black is used to symbolize evil or death, whereas, the color white is historically symbolized as purity, goodness, and life. The systemic colorism of people of color, particularly the BlackRead MoreAnalysis Of Hansel And Gretel 943 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand Gretel. Ã¢â¬Å"The white pebblesÃ¢â¬ ¦glistening like silver coinsÃ¢â¬ is a complete depicti on of a young child (Grimm 15). White as we all know represents purity, and the comparison of the pebbles to silver coins creates represents a childlike view of excitement and innocence. This excitement and vivid imagination of Hansel occurs just in time after overhearing the parents plan. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a white(purity) cat that the boy mentions when leaving home. Both objects are white, the pebbles and the cat. These twoRead MoreSymbolism in Tim O Briens quot;The Things They Carriedquot;605 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThey are all very aware of what they have with them and how much it weights because it is part of them. Jimmy Cross has a pebble that he got from Martha. When she sent it to him she stated that it was a symbol of her feelings toward him. Though he did not completely understand what she mind by it he kept it with him because he thought it was romantic. He keeps the pebble in his mouth and imagines being at home with Martha, not having to carry any items with him. Norman Bowker has a thumb withRead MoreThe Difference Between Innocence and Experience in Poetry670 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesrefuses the offer of sex, however, his wife, represented by the rose, turns her back on him, revealing the possessive jealous love that destroys true love. Unselfish love cannot survive in Experience and this is shown in The Clod the Pebble, in which unselfish love is trodden on by a material world. Despite the true harmony shown in poems, such as The Echoing Green, this is just passed off by Experience, which considers it to be both naÃÆ've and foolish, as stated. The
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theInformational Interview for Human Resource Management. Answer: An Informational Interview is conducted to gain insights about the job profile and the role that the employee would take up after joining the company. It helps to provide knowledge about the organization and also gain advice from the company officials. The various questions to be asked in an informational interview are as follows: What is the most attractive feature of this career path? The career path of an HR is a flexible discipline as the HR is incorporated with various skills and knowledge and is the heart of the business. The duty as an HR is to help the people of the organization to enhance their performance (Chadwick, Super and Kwon 2015). It is associated with the hiring process, training programs and settles various disputes of the employees within an organization. Moreover, being an HR is enjoyable as it adds value to the employees life and helping people provides enjoyment. What according to you is a typical day here? A typical day as a Human Resource manager starts with advising the customer service team to improve the communication skills on the telephone and evaluating the improvements imparted by the employees. Then, having a lunch break with the company colleagues, then spending time for scheduling the organizational meeting and deciding new program for company benefit. Then, managing the salary of the employees and recruitment of new employees proves to be enjoyable. Moreover, at the end of the day, evaluation of the performance of the employees is also done. How is the work-life balance maintained? The work life balance is essential for any employee so as that for an HR. The work life balance is properly maintained as one just needs to prioritise time, have proper insights of strengths. As an HR, professional starting the day a little early and spending time with family members provides a proper maintained work life balance. Moreover, we are often provided with amount of leaves such that one can spend time with the family members. What is most enjoyable about the job? The most enjoyable fact about being an HR is that you dont have a null day. Each day seems as an opportunity to meet new people possessing new and different talents that provide me a chance to see different parts of the world. This also paves a way for continuous improvement throughout. Moreover, being an HR has huge impact on the company as new employees are recruited by an HR. What is the cultural tradition of the company? The company is involved with various traditions, rituals and ceremonies. Different festivals are also celebrated such as Womens day, Christmas and many more. Moreover, birthdays and new years are also celebrated in the company. What is the best way to get a job in this company? The best way to enter into this occupation is to obtain training as a Human Resource Manager as well as obtain a certification in the human resource discipline. This would help a great deal in obtaining a job as an HR professional. What are the personal qualities required to success in this job? The personal qualities that are required for job as an HR professional are time management and self discipline. The candidate should have good communication skills and should also be trustworthy (Cohen 2015). Moreover, the candidate should have good knowledge and expertise in the human resource. What do you consider as the toughest part of the job? The toughest part of the job of an HR professional is to fire an employee as the company has to grow and such employees that do not contribute to the growth of the organisation should get terminated. The decision is hard as we build a relationship with the employees and firing them gets tough. The informational Interview with the HR helped me gain insights about the job profile of the Human Resource Manager. I also got to know the requirements needed for working as an HR in an organization. This interview will also help me find job faster as the requirements are pretty clear to me. This also helped me to understand that working in a corporate environment is fun and enjoyable. I also got to know that a training as an HR will also help me to enter in the occupation easily. Moreover, the informational interview also provided me with deep knowledge about the work life balance of the HR manager. I also gathered information regarding the cultural tradition of the company. References Chadwick, C., Super, J.F. and Kwon, K., 2015. Resource orchestration in practice: CEO emphasis on SHRM, commitment?based HR systems, and firm performance.Strategic Management Journal,36(3), pp.360-376. Cohen, D.J., 2015. HR past, present and future: A call for consistent practices and a focus on competencies.Human Resource Management Review,25(2), pp.205-215.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
Protestant Reformation 3A2 Florian Boyce Euro pd. 6 November 2000 Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation was period of revolt. It was an uprising of the Roman Catholic Church. Though it has been proven that the main reason of rebellion was the grievances many people had of the church. However, there were ulterior motives, and underlying causes to the start of the Reformation. Religion was always ?used? as a driving force for many of the ideas for reform in the 16th century. However, with other revolutions in history, one main the main causes happened to be monetary. Reformers and rulers alike thought it was a disgrace to see that the Reformation was based so heavily on money. There was a sort of economic depression in the 15th and 16th centuries. Many people were forced to borrow money through loans. One was the Dominican Friar who borrowed money from the Fruggers of Germany. To pay off the loan, he started to sell indulgences. Indulgences became widely popular. It was even exaggerated to the point where it was ridiculed (Document I). On the other hand, the German princes disagreed. As a whole, they stated that the money they donated to the church to help the people, where ?somehow? used to make the pastors richer (Document D). The German Princes saw it as a shame that the pastors pretended to be followers, only to elevate their financial status. Politics also played a role in the development of the Protestant Reformation. At the head of the Roman Catholic Church, stood the pope. The pope was supposed to be a divine figure. He was supposed to stand at the head, and be as pure as any man can be. At that time, it was almost never the case. The Pope had absolute authority when it came to making laws, and practices that were to be followed in the church. However, he wasn't the emperor of the religion. The Pope didn't make up the religion, and thus should not have absolute power, or so Martin Luther believed (Document G). It was like the Pope was abusing their power, or at least lost their way as religious officials. In fact it was perceived that the Pope, and other officials were ?fake' Christians: those of which who did nothing for the religion (Document E). In some cases, it went as far as the Pope mistreating his subjects. The Pope had the power (or used power in his favor) to change laws to his liking. The Pope would literary do anything to avoid be convicted of heresy, even if that meant going against the laws of Christ (Bible) (Document B). The last of the major causes was social. Even though the Pope abused his power, nevertheless he wasn't the only one. Even common people abuse their rights as a society. Many had thought that the populace of the 15th and 16th centuries distorted the laws themselves to suit their needs (Document F). In a way the people was taking advantage of God, and that is one of the most deadly sins a human can commit. While that was going on, people like Martin Luther, would try to find someway to defend the Church and their actions, ending up finding more fault in them (Document A). As Martin Luther found so many things wrong with the Church, he decided to break away, thus starting Lutherism. Lutherism led into the most dynamic part of the Reformation. Though the fa?ade of the Reformation was religion, it was very different. Social, Political, and Economic reasons also contributed to the Reformation; because of that the Reformation wasn't just a restructuring of the church. That period of time housed a political, social and economic restructuring as well. On the other hand, many people at that time, especially the common people, really had no idea of the other motivating forces that led into the Reformation. European History Essays
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Nuclear Power Station Advantages and Disadvantages Introduction As the human civilization has advanced, so have the energy demands of humankind. The modern world requires huge amounts of energy resources to sustain its need. For over a century, these energy demands have been satisfied by fossil fuels.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Nuclear Power Station Advantages and Disadvantages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, the energy demands have increased significantly and it has been recognized that the un-renewable fossil fuel reserves will not be able to satisfy the global energy demands for long. This together with the observed negative environmental impacts of the sources has necessitated the search for alternative energy sources. Nuclear energy has emerged as a potential alternative energy source to fossil fuel. Loyn (2011) declares that while there are other alternative sources of energy, nuclear power is the most reliable and sustainable one. The t echnology to exploit nuclear power has already been well developed and as of 2011, nuclear power stations were supplying 6% of the worlds energy needs. This suggests that nuclear power is a feasible replacement to fossil fuels as a primary source of energy for the world. Nuclear Power: An Overview Nuclear power refers to the process of creating heat through a nuclear reaction and then harnessing this heat to produce electricity. It was an offshoot of the nuclear weapons industry. After scientists successfully learned how to build the atomic bomb, government funded research and development was committed to civilian application and nuclear development. Researchers hoped to be able to harness the enormous energy produced by nuclear reactions for peaceful use. Governments have continued to play a crucial role in the nuclear industry and Western governments have expended significant financial resources to the development of nuclear power. The US government spent $70 billion between 1948 and 1998 while the OECD governments had spent $318 billion by 1992 on nuclear energy research and development (Caldicott, 2006).Advertising Looking for research paper on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nuclear energy encompasses two varying but related forms of reactions fission and fusion. In nuclear fission, nuclear power is produced by splitting a radioactive isotope of a heavy element into two or more smaller nuclei (Benedict, 1971). The newly formed nuclei are positively charged and they repel each other thereby traveling at high speeds in opposite directions. If there are other fissionable atoms nearby, they may be induced to fission by colliding with the high speed traveling nuclei from the first fission atom and this creates a chain reaction (McKinney Schoch, 2012). The chain reaction taking place due to nuclear fission has to be controlled. If it is allowed to go on in an uncontrolled manner, it will lead to a nuclear meltdown. Control rods are the devices used to regulate the nuclear fission process. These rods are made of material that readily absorbs neutrons, such as cadmium and boron. The nuclear chain reaction can be completely stopped by inserting the control rods fully into the nuclear reactor. In the fusion process, the nuclei of light elements fuse together to form heavier elements. An enormous amount of energy is released in this process thereby creating nuclear power. The first artificial fusion reaction was attained when the US detonated a hydrogen bomb in 1954. However, controlled and sustained fusion reactions are not yet feasible as a commercial energy source. The lack of success in harnessing energy from the fusion process for commercial energy production is due to the extremely high temperatures needed to initiate the fusion reaction. McKinney and Schoch (2012) reveal that researchers are working to come up with a practical means of producing t he extremely high temperatures needed for fusion and to contain the fusion reaction after it gets started. How Nuclear Power Works All modern nuclear power plants make use of the fission process to produce energy. A great amount of energy is required to split an atom and to accomplish this a nuclear reactor, which is a machine that shoots electricity-charged neutrons at atoms at great speeds, is used. The reactor consists of a core, which has the nuclear fuel (usually uranium), a moderator to slow neurons down, and control rods to regulate the rate of the fission process (Sivanagaraju, 2010). When the nuclear power plant is in operation, vast amounts of heat energy are generated in the reactor core. Water is used as the main coolant for the core.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Nuclear Power Station Advantages and Disadvantages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The water in the nuclear power plant is contain ed in a primary and a secondary loop. The primary loop circulates around the core and its water directly cool the core. During the cooling process, the water in the loop absorbs the coreÃ¢â¬â¢s heat energy. Lilley (2010) states that the water in the primary loop is push under high pressure to retain it liquid form. The primary loop is exposed to the core and the water in it potentially becomes radioactive. The water is therefore recycled and not exposed to the environment. The secondary loop contains water that is heated by the primary loop through a heat exchanger. This heat turns the secondary loop water into steam. Since the water in the secondary loop does not come into direct contact with the primary loop water, it is not radioactive. The steam is therefore used directly to turn turbines in generators and produce electricity. Advantages of Nuclear Power Nuclear power reduces the negative environmental impact that electricity generation activities cause. Without nuclear power, industrialized countries such as the US would have to rely overwhelmingly on coal burning to generate electricity. McKinney and Schoch (2012) assert that coal causes severe environmental degradation as harmful greenhouse gases are produced and harmful particles are introduced into the environment. The other major source of electricity generation is hydro power plants and these facilities result in significant pollution to the environment. Hydroelectric power plants lead to flooding in the upstream areas and encourage the proliferation of disease-bearing organisms due to the disruption caused to natural water flow. Nuclear energy provides the only feasible solution to provide for the growing electricity demands in the world. The global electricity demand is expected to double in the next 2 decades (Hore-Lacy, 2011). Nuclear energy is able to provide continuous reliable supply to meet the global energy demands. To reduce the reliance on the non-renewable fossil fuels, renewable alter natives such as wind and solar energy have been proposed. Many nations have established power plants that harness these resources to produce electricity. However, these alternatives suffer from a lack of reliability. Wind power relies on the presence of substantial amounts of wind while solar energy requires the continuous radiation from the sun. For these two alternatives to be exploited, the power station has to be fitted with substantial back-up capacity in order to provide continuous energy.Advertising Looking for research paper on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The prices for the fuel for nuclear reactors is low and relatively stable making the unit cost of electricity from nuclear power stations fairly predictable (Sivanagaraju, 2010). The Fossil fuel prices are unstable and most times, they are escalating. This makes reliance on fossil fuels for electricity generation unreliable and expensive. The price fluctuation has a negative economic impact on the countries that rely on fossil fuels for electricity generation. The price for uranium, which is the primary fuel for nuclear reactors, is stable which makes the cost of electricity from nuclear power stations steady over extended periods of time. Nuclear power stations are capable of providing cheap electricity especially when the power generated is large (Sivanagaraju, 2010). After the initial capital expenses have been incurred, the running costs of the power station are low. The amount of energy obtained from a small amount of nuclear fuel also contributes to the reduction in the cost p er unit. Nuclear power plants have established themselves as the safest means of large-scale commercial power generation. Since the start of commercial nuclear energy production, nearly 6 decades ago, nuclear power generation has shown an impressive safety record (Benedict, 1971). McKinney and Schoch (2012) reveal that the wide publicizing of the few nuclear accidents has caused the perception that nuclear power plants are unsafe. In reality, other sources of electricity generation have had many accidents and caused more deaths than nuclear power plants. The use of nuclear power to produce electricity increases the energy dependence of a country. Most nations rely on the fossil resources to satisfy their energy production. Overdependence on fossil fuels leads to energy dependency on the nations that have huge fossil fuel reserves. The non-oil producing nations of the world are forced to spend a lot of foreign currency importing these products. Nuclear power plants reduce the demands for coal, gas, and oil therefore promoting energy reliance in countries that lack fossil fuel resources. This increases the freedom of the country and also saves it millions of dollars that would have been used importing fossil fuels. Nuclear power plants have less space requirements compared to other electricity production methods such as hydroelectric. This is a major advantage since land is becoming a scarce resource as the human population increases and more land is required for industrial activity. The limited space requirements of nuclear power stations mean that they can be constructed relatively nearer to the load center in order to reduce transmission losses. Disadvantages of Nuclear Power Nuclear power makes use of nonrenewable resources, which means that this source of energy cannot provide for humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s energy needs indefinitely. Loyn (2011) documents that uranium, which is the main fissile fuel use in nuclear reactors, is a finite resource and the available ura nium deposits are expected to run out in about 100 years. The widespread availability of uranium is already diminishing as more nations set up nuclear power stations. Nuclear power can therefore not be relied upon to provide energy for generations to come. Nuclear power plants produce toxic waste that can be harmful to the environment. Nuclear plants make use of uranium and plutonium to produce the heat energy through the nuclear reaction. Once these raw materials have been used for the production of nuclear energy, they are radioactive in nature and must be stored safely. Meisen and Hunter (2007) document that these toxic byproducts have a very long half-life and they must be stored safely for thousands of years. A nation that wishes to use nuclear power to generate electricity has to invest in a sophisticated waste disposal program. Nuclear power plants require large quantities of water during routine operations. This water is used for cooling purposes and for turning the turbines to generate electricity. While most of the water is reused in the operation, significant water is released into the atmosphere therefore making the water requirements for the power plant great (Caldicott, 2006). The huge water requirements make it expensive for nuclear power plants to be constructed at locations where there is no large water supply. In addition to this, nuclear power plants lead to the contamination of water since the water in the primary loop becomes radioactive due to contact with the core. The mining and processing of the uranium resources necessary to fuel nuclear power plants has a major impact on the environment. Uranium is found in small concentration and a significant amount of uranium ore has to be mined in order to extract uranium from the earth. McKinney and Schoch (2012) state that more than 140,000 metric tons of uranium ore has to be mined to supply the uranium fuel consumed by a 1,000-megawatt capacity nuclear power plant annually. Caldicott (2006) r eveals that as more nuclear power plants are commissioned, the demand for uranium will increase and this will deplete the high-grade deposits of uranium ore making it necessary for more land to be mined in order to extract the uranium. The level of damage in case of a major disaster in a nuclear power plant would be catastrophic. McKinney and Schoch (2012) chillingly warn that the typical modern nuclear power plant contains within its walls radiation equivalent to that of a thousand Hiroshima bombs (p.223). In a worst-case nuclear accident scenario, up to 100,000 immediate deaths would occur and tens of thousands of subsequent deaths would follow due to radiation poisoning. The Chernobyl disaster of 1986 demonstrated the huge environmental implications that a nuclear power station accident can cause. Chudley (2012) documents that this accident led to the severe contamination of over 10,000 square kilometers of territory in former USSR Is Nuclear Power Friendly to the Environment? Nu clear power presents an additional danger to the environment since an accidental spillage has adverse effects on the surrounding environment. Caldicott (2006) warns that there is danger of the huge quantities of radioactive waste accumulating from nuclear power leaking and contaminating drinking water and food chains in many parts of the world. In addition to the risk of accidental spillage, nuclear power plants are making the environment unsafe. Nuclear power plants emit routine radiation that may be dangerous to the environment. Caldicott (2006) states that the radioactive elements released from the nuclear fuel cycle cause damage to living cells. The environment is in constant danger from the harmful byproducts of nuclear power stations. Nuclear power plants produce toxic radioactive waste that must be safely stored to avoid environmental contamination. Caldicott (2006) states that a regular 1,000 megawatt nuclear power plant generates 30 tons of extremely dangerous radioactive w aste annually. So far, a safe means of disposing of the deadly radioactive waste is yet to be developed. However, it should be noted that the dangers to the environment all require catastrophic failures in the nuclear power plants. While nuclear power plants pose significant threats to the environment, the US Environmental Protection Agency (2012) asserts that these power plants are built with safety considerations as a priority. The reactor plants are shielded to ensure that the radiation is contained and does not escape into the environment. The impressive safety record of nuclear power stations all over the world suggests that nuclear energy is actually friendly to the environment. In addition to this, nuclear power plants reduce the environmental effects caused by traditional energy production methods since they do not release any harmful gases into the environment. The Future of Nuclear Power Nuclear power plants promise to reduce carbon emissions while at the same time guarant eeing energy security for decades to come. However, this energy production method can still be improved upon. At the present, the nuclear power generation plants make use of nuclear fission. Loyn (2011) states that nuclear fusion is yet to be developed for use in civilian power stations. Hore-Lacy (2011) reveals that it is hoped that by the time the uranium supplies in the world are exhausted, nuclear fusion will be an option. If this technology is perfected, the society will be able to benefit from the enormous amount of energy produced from this process. In addition to this, the resources needed for nuclear fusion are in abundant supply. Loyn (2011) reveals that Deuterium, the isotope of hydrogen used in nuclear fusion, can be extracted from ordinary water. Since ordinary water is available in abundance, nuclear fusion can provide enough energy to last humanity for millions of years. The major disadvantages attributed to nuclear power plants are associated with the use of fission reactors. If major developments are made in fusion technology, these demerits of nuclear power will be eliminated. Scientists agree that fusion would be an ideal energy source since it would provide enormous amounts of energy from an infinite resource (ordinary water) and without the radioactive waste products that fission produces (Loyn, 2011). Conclusion This paper set out to discuss nuclear power station with focus on the advantages and disadvantages of these stations. The paper begun by defining nuclear power and elaborating on how nuclear power can be used to produce electricity. It has demonstrated that nuclear power is capable of producing enough electricity to satisfy the growing global energy demands. The paper has also highlighted some of the most important advantages of nuclear power, including its low environmental impact, reliability, reduced unit price, and limited space requirements. In addition to this, the paper has recognized that there are major risks associated w ith using nuclear power to generate electricity. However, measures can be taken to mitigate these risks and ensure that the society is able to harness the enormous energy held in nuclear power at minimal risk. A discussion on the future of nuclear energy has been made. The paper has demonstrated that for nuclear power to serve as an alternative to fossil fuel, major developments have to be made in nuclear fusion since the currently preferred method, nuclear fusion, is unsustainable. However, the current fission power plants are a relevant alternative to fossil fuels. These nuclear power plants will continue to play a crucial role in providing for the growing global energy demands for decades to come. References Benedict, M. (1971). Electric Power From Nuclear Fission. PNAS, 68(8), 8-16. Caldicott, H. (2006). Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer to Global Warming Or Anything Else. Melbourne: Melbourne Univ. Publishing. Chudley, A. (2012). Genetic implications and health consequences follo wing the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Clin Genet, 77(1), 221Ã¢â¬â226. Hore-Lacy, I. (2011). Nuclear Power and Energy Sustainability. S CB, 23(1), 159-176. Lilley, S. (2010). System Failure Case Studies: Island Fever, NASA Safety Center, 4 (3), 23-34. Loyn, C. (2011). Can Nuclear Power Save the Climate? Young Scientists Journal, 9(1), 16-19. McKinney, M.L. Schoch, R.M. (2012). Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions. NY: Jones Bartlett Publishers. US Environmental Protection Agency (2012). Nuclear Power Plants. Retrieved from: https://www.epa.gov/radtown/nuclear-power-plants Sivanagaraju, S. (2010). Generation and Utilization of Electrical Energy. New Delhi: Pearson Education India.
Monday, February 24, 2020
Two Opposing Perspectives on Egoism of Nietsche and Kierkegaard - Essay Example Nietzsche, on the other hand, might not have explicitly mentioned the atheistic foundation of his argument in his statement in Gay Science No. 304 but it is clear that he insisted that man should not be controlled by any rule or principle that restrains him from doing what he wants. Apparently, Nietzsche and Kierkegaard also differed in their views when it comes to their treatment of the ego or the individual. For Nietzsche, the individual is supreme and it is only by being so that he frees himself from the clutches of any entity that could hinder his struggle to achieve happiness. Rules that are imposed on him that tend to impede his freedom of movements must, therefore, be removed or repudiated. Kierkegaard, on the other hand, insisted that man should always consider the existence of a higher entity, God. Kierkegaard argued that man is governed by the rules of the Supreme Being and because of this there are limits to his freedom. However, it is necessary to discuss each of the key statements made by both modern philosophers in a more profound manner. The result of such discussion should clarify the opposing perspectives regarding egoism. No. 304 of NietzscheÃ¢â¬â¢s Gay Science is a very explicit statement that describes the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s personal conviction regarding the primacy of the individual. The last part of the section actually sums up in the most profound manner what he believed in. Nietzsche wrote: Ã¢â¬Å"I do not mean to strive with open eyes for my impoverishment; I do not like any of the negative virtues whose very essence is negation and self-renunciation.Ã¢â¬ (244) The previous sentences that led to this conclusion are highly critical of the set-up wherein man is ruled by laws that mostly pertain to activities or actions that should not be done. This results into an environment or a society in which people are restrained from undertaking efforts that they may deem as beneficial to them individually. Consequently, individuals are also depr ived of the chance to live happily according to their respective definitions of it. In the statement, Nietzsche asserts that he does not wish to live under such conditions and that he opposes all rules that results in these. Apparently, Nietzsche does not see the necessity of discussing the bases of the laws or rules which he points out as restrictive and violating of individual freedom. It is also clear that it does not matter whether such rules are secular or borne out of religious beliefs. As long as these explicitly tell man what not to do, then these deserve to be opposed. For Nietzsche, the argument against such restrictions should not be anchored on the cost-benefits analysis for society. It is in the actual effects that these produce on the individual. If such laws impede or hinder the individual, then these are not justified. It does not matter whether these are supposedly important for social order or whether these are for the common good. For Nietzsche, if it is restricti ve in essence then it is deplorable. It is quite obvious that he has made the individual as the center for all his arguments, which runs contrary to the perspectives adhered by governments and other power structures in society, whether religious or secular. If his statements are analyzed further, it would definitely appear